DatePicker日期选择框

输入或选择日期的控件。

何时使用#

当用户需要输入一个日期,可以点击标准输入框,弹出日期面板进行选择。

代码演示



~

最简单的用法,在浮层中可以选择或者输入日期。

expand codeexpand code
import { DatePicker } from 'antd';
const { MonthPicker, RangePicker, WeekPicker } = DatePicker;

function onChange(date, dateString) {
  console.log(date, dateString);
}

ReactDOM.render(
  <div>
    <DatePicker onChange={onChange} />
    <br />
    <MonthPicker onChange={onChange} placeholder="Select month" />
    <br />
    <RangePicker onChange={onChange} />
    <br />
    <WeekPicker onChange={onChange} placeholder="Select week" />
  </div>
, mountNode);




~

三种大小的输入框,若不设置,则为 default

expand codeexpand code
import { DatePicker, Radio } from 'antd';
const { MonthPicker, RangePicker, WeekPicker } = DatePicker;

class PickerSizesDemo extends React.Component {
  state = {
    size: 'default',
  };

  handleSizeChange = (e) => {
    this.setState({ size: e.target.value });
  }

  render() {
    const { size } = this.state;
    return (
      <div>
        <Radio.Group value={size} onChange={this.handleSizeChange}>
          <Radio.Button value="large">Large</Radio.Button>
          <Radio.Button value="default">Default</Radio.Button>
          <Radio.Button value="small">Small</Radio.Button>
        </Radio.Group>
        <br /><br />
        <DatePicker size={size} />
        <br />
        <MonthPicker size={size} placeholder="Select Month" />
        <br />
        <RangePicker size={size} />
        <br />
        <WeekPicker size={size} placeholder="Select Week" />
      </div>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<PickerSizesDemo />, mountNode);


~

选择框的不可用状态。

expand codeexpand code
import { DatePicker } from 'antd';
import moment from 'moment';
const { MonthPicker, RangePicker } = DatePicker;

const dateFormat = 'YYYY-MM-DD';
ReactDOM.render(
  <div>
    <DatePicker defaultValue={moment('2015-06-06', dateFormat)} disabled />
    <br />
    <MonthPicker defaultValue={moment('2015-06', 'YYYY-MM')} disabled />
    <br />
    <RangePicker
      defaultValue={[moment('2015-06-06', dateFormat), moment('2015-06-06', dateFormat)]}
      disabled
    />
  </div>
, mountNode);

RangePicker 无法满足业务需求时,可以使用两个 DatePicker 实现类似的功能。

  • 通过设置 disabledDate 方法,来约束开始和结束日期。

  • 通过 open onOpenChange 来优化交互。

expand codeexpand code
import { DatePicker } from 'antd';

class DateRange extends React.Component {
  state = {
    startValue: null,
    endValue: null,
    endOpen: false,
  };

  disabledStartDate = (startValue) => {
    const endValue = this.state.endValue;
    if (!startValue || !endValue) {
      return false;
    }
    return startValue.valueOf() > endValue.valueOf();
  }

  disabledEndDate = (endValue) => {
    const startValue = this.state.startValue;
    if (!endValue || !startValue) {
      return false;
    }
    return endValue.valueOf() <= startValue.valueOf();
  }

  onChange = (field, value) => {
    this.setState({
      [field]: value,
    });
  }

  onStartChange = (value) => {
    this.onChange('startValue', value);
  }

  onEndChange = (value) => {
    this.onChange('endValue', value);
  }

  handleStartOpenChange = (open) => {
    if (!open) {
      this.setState({ endOpen: true });
    }
  }

  handleEndOpenChange = (open) => {
    this.setState({ endOpen: open });
  }

  render() {
    const { startValue, endValue, endOpen } = this.state;
    return (
      <div>
        <DatePicker
          disabledDate={this.disabledStartDate}
          showTime
          format="YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss"
          value={startValue}
          placeholder="Start"
          onChange={this.onStartChange}
          onOpenChange={this.handleStartOpenChange}
        />
        <DatePicker
          disabledDate={this.disabledEndDate}
          showTime
          format="YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss"
          value={endValue}
          placeholder="End"
          onChange={this.onEndChange}
          open={endOpen}
          onOpenChange={this.handleEndOpenChange}
        />
      </div>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<DateRange />, mountNode);
~

使用 dateRender 可以自定义日期单元格的内容和样式。

expand codeexpand code
import { DatePicker } from 'antd';
const { RangePicker } = DatePicker;

ReactDOM.render(
  <div>
    <DatePicker
      dateRender={(current) => {
        const style = {};
        if (current.date() === 1) {
          style.border = '1px solid #1890ff';
          style.borderRadius = '50%';
        }
        return (
          <div className="ant-calendar-date" style={style}>
            {current.date()}
          </div>
        );
      }}
    />
    <RangePicker
      dateRender={(current) => {
        const style = {};
        if (current.date() === 1) {
          style.border = '1px solid #1890ff';
          style.borderRadius = '50%';
        }
        return (
          <div className="ant-calendar-date" style={style}>
            {current.date()}
          </div>
        );
      }}
    />
  </div>
, mountNode);


~

使用 format 属性,可以自定义日期显示格式。

expand codeexpand code
import { DatePicker } from 'antd';
import moment from 'moment';
const { MonthPicker, RangePicker } = DatePicker;

const dateFormat = 'YYYY/MM/DD';
const monthFormat = 'YYYY/MM';
ReactDOM.render(
  <div>
    <DatePicker defaultValue={moment('2015/01/01', dateFormat)} format={dateFormat} />
    <br />
    <MonthPicker defaultValue={moment('2015/01', monthFormat)} format={monthFormat} />
    <br />
    <RangePicker
      defaultValue={[moment('2015/01/01', dateFormat), moment('2015/01/01', dateFormat)]}
      format={dateFormat}
    />
  </div>
, mountNode);

~

增加选择时间功能,当 showTime 为一个对象时,其属性会传递给内建的 TimePicker

expand codeexpand code
import { DatePicker } from 'antd';
const { RangePicker } = DatePicker;

function onChange(value, dateString) {
  console.log('Selected Time: ', value);
  console.log('Formatted Selected Time: ', dateString);
}

function onOk(value) {
  console.log('onOk: ', value);
}

ReactDOM.render(
  <div>
    <DatePicker
      showTime
      format="YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss"
      placeholder="Select Time"
      onChange={onChange}
      onOk={onOk}
    />
    <br />
    <RangePicker
      showTime={{ format: 'HH:mm' }}
      format="YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm"
      placeholder={['Start Time', 'End Time']}
      onChange={onChange}
      onOk={onOk}
    />
  </div>
, mountNode);


~

可用 disabledDatedisabledTime 分别禁止选择部分日期和时间,其中 disabledTime 需要和 showTime 一起使用。

expand codeexpand code
import moment from 'moment';
import { DatePicker } from 'antd';
const { MonthPicker, RangePicker } = DatePicker;

function range(start, end) {
  const result = [];
  for (let i = start; i < end; i++) {
    result.push(i);
  }
  return result;
}

function disabledDate(current) {
  // Can not select days before today and today
  return current && current < moment().endOf('day');
}

function disabledDateTime() {
  return {
    disabledHours: () => range(0, 24).splice(4, 20),
    disabledMinutes: () => range(30, 60),
    disabledSeconds: () => [55, 56],
  };
}

function disabledRangeTime(_, type) {
  if (type === 'start') {
    return {
      disabledHours: () => range(0, 60).splice(4, 20),
      disabledMinutes: () => range(30, 60),
      disabledSeconds: () => [55, 56],
    };
  }
  return {
    disabledHours: () => range(0, 60).splice(20, 4),
    disabledMinutes: () => range(0, 31),
    disabledSeconds: () => [55, 56],
  };
}

ReactDOM.render(
  <div>
    <DatePicker
      format="YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss"
      disabledDate={disabledDate}
      disabledTime={disabledDateTime}
      showTime={{ defaultValue: moment('00:00:00', 'HH:mm:ss') }}
    />
    <br />
    <MonthPicker disabledDate={disabledDate} placeholder="Select month" />
    <br />
    <RangePicker
      disabledDate={disabledDate}
      disabledTime={disabledRangeTime}
      showTime={{
        hideDisabledOptions: true,
        defaultValue: [moment('00:00:00', 'HH:mm:ss'), moment('11:59:59', 'HH:mm:ss')],
      }}
      format="YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss"
    />
  </div>,
  mountNode
);
~
~

RangePicker 可以设置常用的 预设范围 提高用户体验。

expand codeexpand code
import { DatePicker } from 'antd';
import moment from 'moment';
const RangePicker = DatePicker.RangePicker;

function onChange(dates, dateStrings) {
  console.log('From: ', dates[0], ', to: ', dates[1]);
  console.log('From: ', dateStrings[0], ', to: ', dateStrings[1]);
}

ReactDOM.render(
  <div>
    <RangePicker
      ranges={{ Today: [moment(), moment()], 'This Month': [moment(), moment().endOf('month')] }}
      onChange={onChange}
    />
    <br />
    <RangePicker
      ranges={{ Today: [moment(), moment()], 'This Month': [moment(), moment().endOf('month')] }}
      showTime
      format="YYYY/MM/DD HH:mm:ss"
      onChange={onChange}
    />
  </div>,
  mountNode
);

~

通过组合 modeonPanelChange 控制要展示的面板。

expand codeexpand code
import { DatePicker } from 'antd';
const { RangePicker } = DatePicker;

class ControlledDatePicker extends React.Component {
  state = { mode: 'time' };

  handleOpenChange = (open) => {
    if (open) {
      this.setState({ mode: 'time' });
    }
  }

  handlePanelChange = (value, mode) => {
    this.setState({ mode });
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <DatePicker
        mode={this.state.mode}
        showTime
        onOpenChange={this.handleOpenChange}
        onPanelChange={this.handlePanelChange}
      />
    );
  }
}

class ControlledRangePicker extends React.Component {
  state = {
    mode: ['month', 'month'],
    value: [],
  };

  handlePanelChange = (value, mode) => {
    this.setState({
      value,
      mode: [
        mode[0] === 'date' ? 'month' : mode[0],
        mode[1] === 'date' ? 'month' : mode[1],
      ],
    });
  }

  render() {
    const { value, mode } = this.state;
    return (
      <RangePicker
        placeholder={['Start month', 'End month']}
        format="YYYY-MM"
        value={value}
        mode={mode}
        onPanelChange={this.handlePanelChange}
      />
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(
  <div>
    <ControlledDatePicker />
    <br />
    <ControlledRangePicker />
  </div>
, mountNode);

API#

日期类组件包括以下四种形式。

  • DatePicker

  • MonthPicker

  • RangePicker

  • WeekPicker

注意:DatePicker、MonthPicker、RangePicker、WeekPicker 部分 locale 是从 value 中读取,所以请先正确设置 moment 的 locale。

// 默认语言为 en-US,如果你需要设置其他语言,推荐在入口文件全局设置 locale
// import moment from 'moment';
// import 'moment/locale/zh-cn';
// moment.locale('zh-cn');

<DatePicker defaultValue={moment('2015-01-01', 'YYYY-MM-DD')} />

共同的 API#

以下 API 为 DatePicker、MonthPicker、RangePicker, WeekPicker 共享的 API。

参数说明类型默认值
allowClear是否显示清除按钮booleantrue
autoFocus自动获取焦点booleanfalse
className选择器 classNamestring''
dateRender自定义日期单元格的内容function(currentDate: moment, today: moment) => React.ReactNode-
disabled禁用booleanfalse
disabledDate不可选择的日期(currentDate: moment) => boolean
getCalendarContainer定义浮层的容器,默认为 body 上新建 divfunction(trigger)
locale国际化配置object默认配置
open控制弹层是否展开boolean-
placeholder输入框提示文字string|RangePicker[]-
popupStyle格外的弹出日历样式object{}
size输入框大小,large 高度为 40px,small 为 24px,默认是 32pxstring
style自定义输入框样式object{}
onOpenChange弹出日历和关闭日历的回调function(status)

共同的方法#

名称描述
blur()移除焦点
focus()获取焦点

DatePicker#

参数说明类型默认值
defaultValue默认日期moment
disabledTime不可选择的时间function(date)
format展示的日期格式,配置参考 moment.jsstring"YYYY-MM-DD"
renderExtraFooter在面板中添加额外的页脚() => React.ReactNode-
showTime增加时间选择功能Object|booleanTimePicker Options
showTime.defaultValue设置用户选择日期时默认的时分秒,例子momentmoment()
showToday是否展示“今天”按钮booleantrue
value日期moment
onChange时间发生变化的回调function(date: moment, dateString: string)
onOk点击确定按钮的回调function()-

MonthPicker#

参数说明类型默认值
defaultValue默认日期moment
format展示的日期格式,配置参考 moment.jsstring"YYYY-MM"
monthCellContentRender自定义的月份内容渲染方法function(date, locale): ReactNode-
renderExtraFooter在面板中添加额外的页脚() => React.ReactNode-
value日期moment
onChange时间发生变化的回调,发生在用户选择时间时function(date: moment, dateString: string)-

WeekPicker#

参数说明类型默认值
defaultValue默认日期moment-
format展示的日期格式,配置参考 moment.jsstring"YYYY-wo"
value日期moment-
onChange时间发生变化的回调,发生在用户选择时间时function(date: moment, dateString: string)-

RangePicker#

参数说明类型默认值
defaultValue默认日期moment[]
disabledTime不可选择的时间function(dates: moment, moment, partial: 'start'|'end')
format展示的日期格式string"YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss"
ranges      预设时间范围快捷选择{ [range: string]: moment[] } | () => { [range: string]: moment[] }
renderExtraFooter在面板中添加额外的页脚() => React.ReactNode-
showTime增加时间选择功能Object|booleanTimePicker Options
showTime.defaultValue设置用户选择日期时默认的时分秒,例子moment[]moment(), moment()
value日期moment[]
onCalendarChange待选日期发生变化的回调function(dates: moment, moment, dateStrings: string, string)
onChange日期范围发生变化的回调function(dates: moment, moment, dateStrings: string, string)
onOk点击确定按钮的回调function()-