List列表

通用列表。

何时使用#

最基础的列表展示,可承载文字、列表、图片、段落,常用于后台数据展示页面。

代码演示

Default Size

Header
  • [ITEM] Racing car sprays burning fuel into crowd.
  • [ITEM] Japanese princess to wed commoner.
  • [ITEM] Australian walks 100km after outback crash.
  • [ITEM] Man charged over missing wedding girl.
  • [ITEM] Los Angeles battles huge wildfires.

Small Size

Header
  • Racing car sprays burning fuel into crowd.
  • Japanese princess to wed commoner.
  • Australian walks 100km after outback crash.
  • Man charged over missing wedding girl.
  • Los Angeles battles huge wildfires.

Large Size

Header
  • Racing car sprays burning fuel into crowd.
  • Japanese princess to wed commoner.
  • Australian walks 100km after outback crash.
  • Man charged over missing wedding girl.
  • Los Angeles battles huge wildfires.

列表拥有大、中、小三种尺寸。

通过设置 sizelarge small 分别把按钮设为大、小尺寸。若不设置 size,则尺寸为中。

可通过设置 headerfooter,来自定义列表头部和尾部。

expand codeexpand code
import { List, Typography } from 'antd';

const data = [
  'Racing car sprays burning fuel into crowd.',
  'Japanese princess to wed commoner.',
  'Australian walks 100km after outback crash.',
  'Man charged over missing wedding girl.',
  'Los Angeles battles huge wildfires.',
];

ReactDOM.render(
  <div>
    <h3 style={{ marginBottom: 16 }}>Default Size</h3>
    <List
      header={<div>Header</div>}
      footer={<div>Footer</div>}
      bordered
      dataSource={data}
      renderItem={item => (
        <List.Item>
          <Typography.Text mark>[ITEM]</Typography.Text> {item}
        </List.Item>
      )}
    />
    <h3 style={{ margin: '16px 0' }}>Small Size</h3>
    <List
      size="small"
      header={<div>Header</div>}
      footer={<div>Footer</div>}
      bordered
      dataSource={data}
      renderItem={item => <List.Item>{item}</List.Item>}
    />
    <h3 style={{ margin: '16px 0' }}>Large Size</h3>
    <List
      size="large"
      header={<div>Header</div>}
      footer={<div>Footer</div>}
      bordered
      dataSource={data}
      renderItem={item => <List.Item>{item}</List.Item>}
    />
  </div>,
  mountNode,
);
  • Ant Design Title 1

    Ant Design, a design language for background applications, is refined by Ant UED Team
  • Ant Design Title 2

    Ant Design, a design language for background applications, is refined by Ant UED Team
  • Ant Design Title 3

    Ant Design, a design language for background applications, is refined by Ant UED Team
  • Ant Design Title 4

    Ant Design, a design language for background applications, is refined by Ant UED Team

基础列表。

expand codeexpand code
import { List, Avatar } from 'antd';

const data = [
  {
    title: 'Ant Design Title 1',
  },
  {
    title: 'Ant Design Title 2',
  },
  {
    title: 'Ant Design Title 3',
  },
  {
    title: 'Ant Design Title 4',
  },
];

ReactDOM.render(
  <List
    itemLayout="horizontal"
    dataSource={data}
    renderItem={item => (
      <List.Item>
        <List.Item.Meta
          avatar={<Avatar src="https://zos.alipayobjects.com/rmsportal/ODTLcjxAfvqbxHnVXCYX.png" />}
          title={<a href="https://ant.design">{item.title}</a>}
          description="Ant Design, a design language for background applications, is refined by Ant UED Team"
        />
      </List.Item>
    )}
  />,
  mountNode,
);

可通过 loadMore 属性实现加载更多功能。

expand codeexpand code
import { List, Avatar, Button, Skeleton } from 'antd';

import reqwest from 'reqwest';

const count = 3;
const fakeDataUrl = `https://randomuser.me/api/?results=${count}&inc=name,gender,email,nat&noinfo`;

class LoadMoreList extends React.Component {
  state = {
    initLoading: true,
    loading: false,
    data: [],
    list: [],
  };

  componentDidMount() {
    this.getData(res => {
      this.setState({
        initLoading: false,
        data: res.results,
        list: res.results,
      });
    });
  }

  getData = callback => {
    reqwest({
      url: fakeDataUrl,
      type: 'json',
      method: 'get',
      contentType: 'application/json',
      success: res => {
        callback(res);
      },
    });
  };

  onLoadMore = () => {
    this.setState({
      loading: true,
      list: this.state.data.concat([...new Array(count)].map(() => ({ loading: true, name: {} }))),
    });
    this.getData(res => {
      const data = this.state.data.concat(res.results);
      this.setState(
        {
          data,
          list: data,
          loading: false,
        },
        () => {
          // Resetting window's offsetTop so as to display react-virtualized demo underfloor.
          // In real scene, you can using public method of react-virtualized:
          // https://stackoverflow.com/questions/46700726/how-to-use-public-method-updateposition-of-react-virtualized
          window.dispatchEvent(new Event('resize'));
        },
      );
    });
  };

  render() {
    const { initLoading, loading, list } = this.state;
    const loadMore =
      !initLoading && !loading ? (
        <div
          style={{
            textAlign: 'center',
            marginTop: 12,
            height: 32,
            lineHeight: '32px',
          }}
        >
          <Button onClick={this.onLoadMore}>loading more</Button>
        </div>
      ) : null;

    return (
      <List
        className="demo-loadmore-list"
        loading={initLoading}
        itemLayout="horizontal"
        loadMore={loadMore}
        dataSource={list}
        renderItem={item => (
          <List.Item actions={[<a>edit</a>, <a>more</a>]}>
            <Skeleton avatar title={false} loading={item.loading} active>
              <List.Item.Meta
                avatar={
                  <Avatar src="https://zos.alipayobjects.com/rmsportal/ODTLcjxAfvqbxHnVXCYX.png" />
                }
                title={<a href="https://ant.design">{item.name.last}</a>}
                description="Ant Design, a design language for background applications, is refined by Ant UED Team"
              />
              <div>content</div>
            </Skeleton>
          </List.Item>
        )}
      />
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<LoadMoreList />, mountNode);
.demo-loadmore-list {
  min-height: 350px;
}
  • ant design part 0

    Ant Design, a design language for background applications, is refined by Ant UED Team.
    We supply a series of design principles, practical patterns and high quality design resources (Sketch and Axure), to help people create their product prototypes beautifully and efficiently.
    • 156
    • 156
    • 2
    logo
  • ant design part 1

    Ant Design, a design language for background applications, is refined by Ant UED Team.
    We supply a series of design principles, practical patterns and high quality design resources (Sketch and Axure), to help people create their product prototypes beautifully and efficiently.
    • 156
    • 156
    • 2
    logo
  • ant design part 2

    Ant Design, a design language for background applications, is refined by Ant UED Team.
    We supply a series of design principles, practical patterns and high quality design resources (Sketch and Axure), to help people create their product prototypes beautifully and efficiently.
    • 156
    • 156
    • 2
    logo

通过设置 itemLayout 属性为 vertical 可实现竖排列表样式。

expand codeexpand code
import { List, Avatar, Icon } from 'antd';

const listData = [];
for (let i = 0; i < 23; i++) {
  listData.push({
    href: 'http://ant.design',
    title: `ant design part ${i}`,
    avatar: 'https://zos.alipayobjects.com/rmsportal/ODTLcjxAfvqbxHnVXCYX.png',
    description:
      'Ant Design, a design language for background applications, is refined by Ant UED Team.',
    content:
      'We supply a series of design principles, practical patterns and high quality design resources (Sketch and Axure), to help people create their product prototypes beautifully and efficiently.',
  });
}

const IconText = ({ type, text }) => (
  <span>
    <Icon type={type} style={{ marginRight: 8 }} />
    {text}
  </span>
);

ReactDOM.render(
  <List
    itemLayout="vertical"
    size="large"
    pagination={{
      onChange: page => {
        console.log(page);
      },
      pageSize: 3,
    }}
    dataSource={listData}
    footer={
      <div>
        <b>ant design</b> footer part
      </div>
    }
    renderItem={item => (
      <List.Item
        key={item.title}
        actions={[
          <IconText type="star-o" text="156" />,
          <IconText type="like-o" text="156" />,
          <IconText type="message" text="2" />,
        ]}
        extra={
          <img
            width={272}
            alt="logo"
            src="https://gw.alipayobjects.com/zos/rmsportal/mqaQswcyDLcXyDKnZfES.png"
          />
        }
      >
        <List.Item.Meta
          avatar={<Avatar src={item.avatar} />}
          title={<a href={item.href}>{item.title}</a>}
          description={item.description}
        />
        {item.content}
      </List.Item>
    )}
  />,
  mountNode,
);
Title 1
Card content
Title 2
Card content
Title 3
Card content
Title 4
Card content

可以通过设置 Listgrid 属性来实现栅格列表,column 可设置期望显示的列数。

expand codeexpand code
import { List, Card } from 'antd';

const data = [
  {
    title: 'Title 1',
  },
  {
    title: 'Title 2',
  },
  {
    title: 'Title 3',
  },
  {
    title: 'Title 4',
  },
];

ReactDOM.render(
  <List
    grid={{ gutter: 16, column: 4 }}
    dataSource={data}
    renderItem={item => (
      <List.Item>
        <Card title={item.title}>Card content</Card>
      </List.Item>
    )}
  />,
  mountNode,
);
Title 1
Card content
Title 2
Card content
Title 3
Card content
Title 4
Card content
Title 5
Card content
Title 6
Card content

响应式的栅格列表。尺寸与 Layout Grid 保持一致。

expand codeexpand code
import { List, Card } from 'antd';

const data = [
  {
    title: 'Title 1',
  },
  {
    title: 'Title 2',
  },
  {
    title: 'Title 3',
  },
  {
    title: 'Title 4',
  },
  {
    title: 'Title 5',
  },
  {
    title: 'Title 6',
  },
];

ReactDOM.render(
  <List
    grid={{
      gutter: 16,
      xs: 1,
      sm: 2,
      md: 4,
      lg: 4,
      xl: 6,
      xxl: 3,
    }}
    dataSource={data}
    renderItem={item => (
      <List.Item>
        <Card title={item.title}>Card content</Card>
      </List.Item>
    )}
  />,
  mountNode,
);
暂无数据

暂无数据

结合 react-infinite-scroller 实现滚动自动加载列表。

expand codeexpand code
import { List, message, Avatar, Spin } from 'antd';
import reqwest from 'reqwest';

import InfiniteScroll from 'react-infinite-scroller';

const fakeDataUrl = 'https://randomuser.me/api/?results=5&inc=name,gender,email,nat&noinfo';

class InfiniteListExample extends React.Component {
  state = {
    data: [],
    loading: false,
    hasMore: true,
  };

  componentDidMount() {
    this.fetchData(res => {
      this.setState({
        data: res.results,
      });
    });
  }

  fetchData = callback => {
    reqwest({
      url: fakeDataUrl,
      type: 'json',
      method: 'get',
      contentType: 'application/json',
      success: res => {
        callback(res);
      },
    });
  };

  handleInfiniteOnLoad = () => {
    let data = this.state.data;
    this.setState({
      loading: true,
    });
    if (data.length > 14) {
      message.warning('Infinite List loaded all');
      this.setState({
        hasMore: false,
        loading: false,
      });
      return;
    }
    this.fetchData(res => {
      data = data.concat(res.results);
      this.setState({
        data,
        loading: false,
      });
    });
  };

  render() {
    return (
      <div className="demo-infinite-container">
        <InfiniteScroll
          initialLoad={false}
          pageStart={0}
          loadMore={this.handleInfiniteOnLoad}
          hasMore={!this.state.loading && this.state.hasMore}
          useWindow={false}
        >
          <List
            dataSource={this.state.data}
            renderItem={item => (
              <List.Item key={item.id}>
                <List.Item.Meta
                  avatar={
                    <Avatar src="https://zos.alipayobjects.com/rmsportal/ODTLcjxAfvqbxHnVXCYX.png" />
                  }
                  title={<a href="https://ant.design">{item.name.last}</a>}
                  description={item.email}
                />
                <div>Content</div>
              </List.Item>
            )}
          >
            {this.state.loading && this.state.hasMore && (
              <div className="demo-loading-container">
                <Spin />
              </div>
            )}
          </List>
        </InfiniteScroll>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<InfiniteListExample />, mountNode);
.demo-infinite-container {
  border: 1px solid #e8e8e8;
  border-radius: 4px;
  overflow: auto;
  padding: 8px 24px;
  height: 300px;
}
.demo-loading-container {
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 40px;
  width: 100%;
  text-align: center;
}

结合 react-virtualized 实现滚动加载无限长列表,带有虚拟化(virtualization)功能,能够提高数据量大时候长列表的性能。

virtualized 是在大数据列表中应用的一种技术,主要是为了减少不可见区域不必要的渲染从而提高性能,特别是数据量在成千上万条效果尤为明显。了解更多

expand codeexpand code
import { List, message, Avatar, Spin } from 'antd';

import reqwest from 'reqwest';

import WindowScroller from 'react-virtualized/dist/commonjs/WindowScroller';
import AutoSizer from 'react-virtualized/dist/commonjs/AutoSizer';
import VList from 'react-virtualized/dist/commonjs/List';
import InfiniteLoader from 'react-virtualized/dist/commonjs/InfiniteLoader';

const fakeDataUrl = 'https://randomuser.me/api/?results=5&inc=name,gender,email,nat&noinfo';

class VirtualizedExample extends React.Component {
  state = {
    data: [],
    loading: false,
  };

  loadedRowsMap = {};

  componentDidMount() {
    this.fetchData(res => {
      this.setState({
        data: res.results,
      });
    });
  }

  fetchData = callback => {
    reqwest({
      url: fakeDataUrl,
      type: 'json',
      method: 'get',
      contentType: 'application/json',
      success: res => {
        callback(res);
      },
    });
  };

  handleInfiniteOnLoad = ({ startIndex, stopIndex }) => {
    let data = this.state.data;
    this.setState({
      loading: true,
    });
    for (let i = startIndex; i <= stopIndex; i++) {
      // 1 means loading
      this.loadedRowsMap[i] = 1;
    }
    if (data.length > 19) {
      message.warning('Virtualized List loaded all');
      this.setState({
        loading: false,
      });
      return;
    }
    this.fetchData(res => {
      data = data.concat(res.results);
      this.setState({
        data,
        loading: false,
      });
    });
  };

  isRowLoaded = ({ index }) => !!this.loadedRowsMap[index];

  renderItem = ({ index, key, style }) => {
    const { data } = this.state;
    const item = data[index];
    return (
      <List.Item key={key} style={style}>
        <List.Item.Meta
          avatar={<Avatar src="https://zos.alipayobjects.com/rmsportal/ODTLcjxAfvqbxHnVXCYX.png" />}
          title={<a href="https://ant.design">{item.name.last}</a>}
          description={item.email}
        />
        <div>Content</div>
      </List.Item>
    );
  };

  render() {
    const { data } = this.state;
    const vlist = ({ height, isScrolling, onChildScroll, scrollTop, onRowsRendered, width }) => (
      <VList
        autoHeight
        height={height}
        isScrolling={isScrolling}
        onScroll={onChildScroll}
        overscanRowCount={2}
        rowCount={data.length}
        rowHeight={73}
        rowRenderer={this.renderItem}
        onRowsRendered={onRowsRendered}
        scrollTop={scrollTop}
        width={width}
      />
    );
    const autoSize = ({ height, isScrolling, onChildScroll, scrollTop, onRowsRendered }) => (
      <AutoSizer disableHeight>
        {({ width }) =>
          vlist({
            height,
            isScrolling,
            onChildScroll,
            scrollTop,
            onRowsRendered,
            width,
          })
        }
      </AutoSizer>
    );
    const infiniteLoader = ({ height, isScrolling, onChildScroll, scrollTop }) => (
      <InfiniteLoader
        isRowLoaded={this.isRowLoaded}
        loadMoreRows={this.handleInfiniteOnLoad}
        rowCount={data.length}
      >
        {({ onRowsRendered }) =>
          autoSize({
            height,
            isScrolling,
            onChildScroll,
            scrollTop,
            onRowsRendered,
          })
        }
      </InfiniteLoader>
    );
    return (
      <List>
        {data.length > 0 && <WindowScroller>{infiniteLoader}</WindowScroller>}
        {this.state.loading && <Spin className="demo-loading" />}
      </List>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<VirtualizedExample />, mountNode);
.demo-loading {
  position: absolute;
  bottom: -40px;
  left: 50%;
}

API#

List#

参数说明类型默认值
bordered是否展示边框booleanfalse
footer列表底部string|ReactNode-
grid列表栅格配置object-
header列表头部string|ReactNode-
itemLayout设置 List.Item 布局, 设置成 vertical 则竖直样式显示, 默认横排string-
loading当卡片内容还在加载中时,可以用 loading 展示一个占位boolean|object (更多)false
loadMore加载更多string|ReactNode-
locale默认文案设置,目前包括空数据文案objectemptyText: '暂无数据'
pagination对应的 pagination 配置, 设置 false 不显示boolean|objectfalse
sizelist 的尺寸default | middle | smalldefault
split是否展示分割线booleantrue

pagination#

分页的配置项。

参数说明类型默认值
position指定分页显示的位置'top' | 'bottom' | 'both''bottom'

更多配置项,请查看 Pagination

List grid props#

参数说明类型默认值
column列数,可选值number-
gutter栅格间隔number0
xs<576px 展示的列数number-
sm≥576px 展示的列数number-
md≥768px 展示的列数number-
lg≥992px 展示的列数number-
xl≥1200px 展示的列数number-
xxl≥1600px 展示的列数number-

List.Item#

参数说明类型默认值
actions列表操作组,根据 itemLayout 的不同, 位置在卡片底部或者最右侧Array<ReactNode>-
extra额外内容, 通常用在 itemLayoutvertical 的情况下, 展示右侧内容; horizontal 展示在列表元素最右侧string|ReactNode-

List.Item.Meta#

参数说明类型默认值
avatar列表元素的图标ReactNode-
description列表元素的描述内容string|ReactNode-
title列表元素的标题string|ReactNode-
Empty空状态Popover气泡卡片