Menu导航菜单

为页面和功能提供导航的菜单列表。

何时使用#

导航菜单是一个网站的灵魂,用户依赖导航在各个页面中进行跳转。一般分为顶部导航和侧边导航,顶部导航提供全局性的类目和功能,侧边导航提供多级结构来收纳和排列网站架构。

更多布局和导航的使用可以参考:通用布局

代码演示

水平的顶部导航菜单。

expand codeexpand code
import { Menu, Icon } from 'antd';
const SubMenu = Menu.SubMenu;
const MenuItemGroup = Menu.ItemGroup;

class App extends React.Component {
  state = {
    current: 'mail',
  }
  handleClick = (e) => {
    console.log('click ', e);
    this.setState({
      current: e.key,
    });
  }
  render() {
    return (
      <Menu
        onClick={this.handleClick}
        selectedKeys={[this.state.current]}
        mode="horizontal"
      >
        <Menu.Item key="mail">
          <Icon type="mail" />Navigation One
        </Menu.Item>
        <Menu.Item key="app" disabled>
          <Icon type="appstore" />Navigation Two
        </Menu.Item>
        <SubMenu title={<span><Icon type="setting" />Navigation Three - Submenu</span>}>
          <MenuItemGroup title="Item 1">
            <Menu.Item key="setting:1">Option 1</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="setting:2">Option 2</Menu.Item>
          </MenuItemGroup>
          <MenuItemGroup title="Item 2">
            <Menu.Item key="setting:3">Option 3</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="setting:4">Option 4</Menu.Item>
          </MenuItemGroup>
        </SubMenu>
        <Menu.Item key="alipay">
          <a href="https://ant.design" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Navigation Four - Link</a>
        </Menu.Item>
      </Menu>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<App />, mountNode);

垂直菜单,子菜单内嵌在菜单区域。

expand codeexpand code
import { Menu, Icon } from 'antd';
const SubMenu = Menu.SubMenu;
const MenuItemGroup = Menu.ItemGroup;

class Sider extends React.Component {
  handleClick = (e) => {
    console.log('click ', e);
  }
  render() {
    return (
      <Menu
        onClick={this.handleClick}
        style={{ width: 256 }}
        defaultSelectedKeys={['1']}
        defaultOpenKeys={['sub1']}
        mode="inline"
      >
        <SubMenu key="sub1" title={<span><Icon type="mail" /><span>Navigation One</span></span>}>
          <MenuItemGroup key="g1" title="Item 1">
            <Menu.Item key="1">Option 1</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="2">Option 2</Menu.Item>
          </MenuItemGroup>
          <MenuItemGroup key="g2" title="Item 2">
            <Menu.Item key="3">Option 3</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="4">Option 4</Menu.Item>
          </MenuItemGroup>
        </SubMenu>
        <SubMenu key="sub2" title={<span><Icon type="appstore" /><span>Navigation Two</span></span>}>
          <Menu.Item key="5">Option 5</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="6">Option 6</Menu.Item>
          <SubMenu key="sub3" title="Submenu">
            <Menu.Item key="7">Option 7</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="8">Option 8</Menu.Item>
          </SubMenu>
        </SubMenu>
        <SubMenu key="sub4" title={<span><Icon type="setting" /><span>Navigation Three</span></span>}>
          <Menu.Item key="9">Option 9</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="10">Option 10</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="11">Option 11</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="12">Option 12</Menu.Item>
        </SubMenu>
      </Menu>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<Sider />, mountNode);

内嵌菜单可以被缩起/展开。

你可以在 Layout 里查看侧边布局结合的完整示例。

expand codeexpand code
import { Menu, Icon, Button } from 'antd';
const SubMenu = Menu.SubMenu;

class App extends React.Component {
  state = {
    collapsed: false,
  }
  toggleCollapsed = () => {
    this.setState({
      collapsed: !this.state.collapsed,
    });
  }
  render() {
    return (
      <div style={{ width: 256 }}>
        <Button type="primary" onClick={this.toggleCollapsed} style={{ marginBottom: 16 }}>
          <Icon type={this.state.collapsed ? 'menu-unfold' : 'menu-fold'} />
        </Button>
        <Menu
          defaultSelectedKeys={['1']}
          defaultOpenKeys={['sub1']}
          mode="inline"
          theme="dark"
          inlineCollapsed={this.state.collapsed}
        >
          <Menu.Item key="1">
            <Icon type="pie-chart" />
            <span>Option 1</span>
          </Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="2">
            <Icon type="desktop" />
            <span>Option 2</span>
          </Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="3">
            <Icon type="inbox" />
            <span>Option 3</span>
          </Menu.Item>
          <SubMenu key="sub1" title={<span><Icon type="mail" /><span>Navigation One</span></span>}>
            <Menu.Item key="5">Option 5</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="6">Option 6</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="7">Option 7</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="8">Option 8</Menu.Item>
          </SubMenu>
          <SubMenu key="sub2" title={<span><Icon type="appstore" /><span>Navigation Two</span></span>}>
            <Menu.Item key="9">Option 9</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="10">Option 10</Menu.Item>
            <SubMenu key="sub3" title="Submenu">
              <Menu.Item key="11">Option 11</Menu.Item>
              <Menu.Item key="12">Option 12</Menu.Item>
            </SubMenu>
          </SubMenu>
        </Menu>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<App />, mountNode);

点击菜单,收起其他展开的所有菜单,保持菜单聚焦简洁。

expand codeexpand code
import { Menu, Icon } from 'antd';
const SubMenu = Menu.SubMenu;

class Sider extends React.Component {
  // submenu keys of first level
  rootSubmenuKeys = ['sub1', 'sub2', 'sub4'];
  state = {
    openKeys: ['sub1'],
  };
  onOpenChange = (openKeys) => {
    const latestOpenKey = openKeys.find(key => this.state.openKeys.indexOf(key) === -1);
    if (this.rootSubmenuKeys.indexOf(latestOpenKey) === -1) {
      this.setState({ openKeys });
    } else {
      this.setState({
        openKeys: latestOpenKey ? [latestOpenKey] : [],
      });
    }
  }
  render() {
    return (
      <Menu
        mode="inline"
        openKeys={this.state.openKeys}
        onOpenChange={this.onOpenChange}
        style={{ width: 256 }}
      >
        <SubMenu key="sub1" title={<span><Icon type="mail" /><span>Navigation One</span></span>}>
          <Menu.Item key="1">Option 1</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="2">Option 2</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="3">Option 3</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="4">Option 4</Menu.Item>
        </SubMenu>
        <SubMenu key="sub2" title={<span><Icon type="appstore" /><span>Navigation Two</span></span>}>
          <Menu.Item key="5">Option 5</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="6">Option 6</Menu.Item>
          <SubMenu key="sub3" title="Submenu">
            <Menu.Item key="7">Option 7</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="8">Option 8</Menu.Item>
          </SubMenu>
        </SubMenu>
        <SubMenu key="sub4" title={<span><Icon type="setting" /><span>Navigation Three</span></span>}>
          <Menu.Item key="9">Option 9</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="10">Option 10</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="11">Option 11</Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="12">Option 12</Menu.Item>
        </SubMenu>
      </Menu>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<Sider />, mountNode);

子菜单是弹出的形式。

expand codeexpand code
import { Menu, Icon } from 'antd';
const SubMenu = Menu.SubMenu;
const MenuItemGroup = Menu.ItemGroup;

function handleClick(e) {
  console.log('click', e);
}

ReactDOM.render(
  <Menu onClick={handleClick} style={{ width: 256 }} mode="vertical">
    <SubMenu key="sub1" title={<span><Icon type="mail" /><span>Navigation One</span></span>}>
      <MenuItemGroup title="Item 1">
        <Menu.Item key="1">Option 1</Menu.Item>
        <Menu.Item key="2">Option 2</Menu.Item>
      </MenuItemGroup>
      <MenuItemGroup title="Iteom 2">
        <Menu.Item key="3">Option 3</Menu.Item>
        <Menu.Item key="4">Option 4</Menu.Item>
      </MenuItemGroup>
    </SubMenu>
    <SubMenu key="sub2" title={<span><Icon type="appstore" /><span>Navigation Two</span></span>}>
      <Menu.Item key="5">Option 5</Menu.Item>
      <Menu.Item key="6">Option 6</Menu.Item>
      <SubMenu key="sub3" title="Submenu">
        <Menu.Item key="7">Option 7</Menu.Item>
        <Menu.Item key="8">Option 8</Menu.Item>
      </SubMenu>
    </SubMenu>
    <SubMenu key="sub4" title={<span><Icon type="setting" /><span>Navigation Three</span></span>}>
      <Menu.Item key="9">Option 9</Menu.Item>
      <Menu.Item key="10">Option 10</Menu.Item>
      <Menu.Item key="11">Option 11</Menu.Item>
      <Menu.Item key="12">Option 12</Menu.Item>
    </SubMenu>
  </Menu>
, mountNode);
Dark

内建了两套主题 light|dark,默认 light

expand codeexpand code
import { Menu, Icon, Switch } from 'antd';
const SubMenu = Menu.SubMenu;

class Sider extends React.Component {
  state = {
    theme: 'dark',
    current: '1',
  }
  changeTheme = (value) => {
    this.setState({
      theme: value ? 'dark' : 'light',
    });
  }
  handleClick = (e) => {
    console.log('click ', e);
    this.setState({
      current: e.key,
    });
  }
  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        <Switch
          checked={this.state.theme === 'dark'}
          onChange={this.changeTheme}
          checkedChildren="Dark"
          unCheckedChildren="Light"
        />
        <br />
        <br />
        <Menu
          theme={this.state.theme}
          onClick={this.handleClick}
          style={{ width: 256 }}
          defaultOpenKeys={['sub1']}
          selectedKeys={[this.state.current]}
          mode="inline"
        >
          <SubMenu key="sub1" title={<span><Icon type="mail" /><span>Navigation One</span></span>}>
            <Menu.Item key="1">Option 1</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="2">Option 2</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="3">Option 3</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="4">Option 4</Menu.Item>
          </SubMenu>
          <SubMenu key="sub2" title={<span><Icon type="appstore" /><span>Navigtion Two</span></span>}>
            <Menu.Item key="5">Option 5</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="6">Option 6</Menu.Item>
            <SubMenu key="sub3" title="Submenu">
              <Menu.Item key="7">Option 7</Menu.Item>
              <Menu.Item key="8">Option 8</Menu.Item>
            </SubMenu>
          </SubMenu>
          <SubMenu key="sub4" title={<span><Icon type="setting" /><span>Navigation Three</span></span>}>
            <Menu.Item key="9">Option 9</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="10">Option 10</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="11">Option 11</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="12">Option 12</Menu.Item>
          </SubMenu>
        </Menu>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<Sider />, mountNode);
Change Mode Change Theme

展示动态切换模式。

expand codeexpand code
import { Menu, Icon, Switch } from 'antd';
const { SubMenu } = Menu;

class Sider extends React.Component {
  state = {
    mode: 'inline',
    theme: 'light',
  }
  changeMode = (value) => {
    this.setState({
      mode: value ? 'vertical' : 'inline',
    });
  }
  changeTheme = (value) => {
    this.setState({
      theme: value ? 'dark' : 'light',
    });
  }
  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        <Switch onChange={this.changeMode} /> Change Mode
        <span className="ant-divider" style={{ margin: '0 1em' }} />
        <Switch onChange={this.changeTheme} /> Change Theme
        <br />
        <br />
        <Menu
          style={{ width: 256 }}
          defaultSelectedKeys={['1']}
          defaultOpenKeys={['sub1']}
          mode={this.state.mode}
          theme={this.state.theme}
        >
          <Menu.Item key="1">
            <Icon type="mail" />
            Navigation One
          </Menu.Item>
          <Menu.Item key="2">
            <Icon type="calendar" />
            Navigation Two
          </Menu.Item>
          <SubMenu key="sub1" title={<span><Icon type="appstore" /><span>Navigation Three</span></span>}>
            <Menu.Item key="3">Option 3</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="4">Option 4</Menu.Item>
            <SubMenu key="sub1-2" title="Submenu">
              <Menu.Item key="5">Option 5</Menu.Item>
              <Menu.Item key="6">Option 6</Menu.Item>
            </SubMenu>
          </SubMenu>
          <SubMenu key="sub2" title={<span><Icon type="setting" /><span>Navigation Four</span></span>}>
            <Menu.Item key="7">Option 7</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="8">Option 8</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="9">Option 9</Menu.Item>
            <Menu.Item key="10">Option 10</Menu.Item>
          </SubMenu>
        </Menu>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<Sider />, mountNode);

API#

<Menu>
  <Menu.Item>菜单项</Menu.Item>
  <SubMenu title="子菜单">
    <Menu.Item>子菜单项</Menu.Item>
  </SubMenu>
</Menu>
参数说明类型默认值
defaultOpenKeys初始展开的 SubMenu 菜单项 key 数组
defaultSelectedKeys初始选中的菜单项 key 数组string[]
forceSubMenuRender在子菜单展示之前就渲染进 DOMbooleanfalse
inlineCollapsedinline 时菜单是否收起状态boolean-
inlineIndentinline 模式的菜单缩进宽度number24
mode菜单类型,现在支持垂直、水平、和内嵌模式三种string: vertical vertical-right horizontal inlinevertical
multiple是否允许多选booleanfalse
openKeys当前展开的 SubMenu 菜单项 key 数组string[]
selectable是否允许选中booleantrue
selectedKeys当前选中的菜单项 key 数组string[]
style根节点样式object
subMenuCloseDelay用户鼠标离开子菜单后关闭延时,单位:秒number0.1
subMenuOpenDelay用户鼠标进入子菜单后开启延时,单位:秒number0
theme主题颜色string: light darklight
onClick点击 MenuItem 调用此函数function({ item, key, keyPath })-
onDeselect取消选中时调用,仅在 multiple 生效function({ item, key, selectedKeys })-
onOpenChangeSubMenu 展开/关闭的回调function(openKeys: string[])noop
onSelect被选中时调用function({ item, key, selectedKeys })无  

More options in rc-menu

参数说明类型默认值
disabled是否禁用booleanfalse
keyitem 的唯一标志string
参数说明类型默认值
children子菜单的菜单项Array<MenuItem|SubMenu>
disabled是否禁用booleanfalse
key唯一标志string
title子菜单项值string|ReactNode
onTitleClick点击子菜单标题function({ key, domEvent })
参数说明类型默认值
children分组的菜单项MenuItem[]
title分组标题string|ReactNode

菜单项分割线,只用在弹出菜单内。