Popover气泡卡片

点击/鼠标移入元素,弹出气泡式的卡片浮层。

何时使用#

当目标元素有进一步的描述和相关操作时,可以收纳到卡片中,根据用户的操作行为进行展现。

Tooltip 的区别是,用户可以对浮层上的元素进行操作,因此它可以承载更复杂的内容,比如链接或按钮等。

代码演示

最简单的用法,浮层的大小由内容区域决定。

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import React from 'react';
import { Popover, Button } from 'antd';

const content = (
  <div>
    <p>Content</p>
    <p>Content</p>
  </div>
);

const App: React.FC = () => (
  <Popover content={content} title="Title">
    <Button type="primary">Hover me</Button>
  </Popover>
);

export default App;

位置有十二个方向。

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import React from 'react';
import { Popover, Button } from 'antd';

const text = <span>Title</span>;
const content = (
  <div>
    <p>Content</p>
    <p>Content</p>
  </div>
);

const buttonWidth = 70;

const App: React.FC = () => (
  <div className="demo">
    <div style={{ marginLeft: buttonWidth, whiteSpace: 'nowrap' }}>
      <Popover placement="topLeft" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>TL</Button>
      </Popover>
      <Popover placement="top" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>Top</Button>
      </Popover>
      <Popover placement="topRight" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>TR</Button>
      </Popover>
    </div>
    <div style={{ width: buttonWidth, float: 'left' }}>
      <Popover placement="leftTop" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>LT</Button>
      </Popover>
      <Popover placement="left" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>Left</Button>
      </Popover>
      <Popover placement="leftBottom" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>LB</Button>
      </Popover>
    </div>
    <div style={{ width: buttonWidth, marginLeft: buttonWidth * 4 + 24 }}>
      <Popover placement="rightTop" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>RT</Button>
      </Popover>
      <Popover placement="right" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>Right</Button>
      </Popover>
      <Popover placement="rightBottom" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>RB</Button>
      </Popover>
    </div>
    <div style={{ marginLeft: buttonWidth, clear: 'both', whiteSpace: 'nowrap' }}>
      <Popover placement="bottomLeft" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>BL</Button>
      </Popover>
      <Popover placement="bottom" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>Bottom</Button>
      </Popover>
      <Popover placement="bottomRight" title={text} content={content} trigger="click">
        <Button>BR</Button>
      </Popover>
    </div>
  </div>
);

export default App;

设置了 arrowPointAtCenter 后,箭头将指向目标元素的中心。

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import React from 'react';
import { Popover, Button } from 'antd';

const content = (
  <>
    <p>Content</p>
    <p>Content</p>
  </>
);

const App: React.FC = () => (
  <>
    <Popover placement="topLeft" title="Title" content={content}>
      <Button>Align edge / 边缘对齐</Button>
    </Popover>
    <Popover placement="topLeft" title="Title" content={content} arrowPointAtCenter>
      <Button>Arrow points to center / 箭头指向中心</Button>
    </Popover>
  </>
);

export default App;

鼠标移入、聚集、点击。

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import React from 'react';
import { Popover, Button } from 'antd';

const content = (
  <div>
    <p>Content</p>
    <p>Content</p>
  </div>
);

const App: React.FC = () => (
  <div>
    <Popover content={content} title="Title" trigger="hover">
      <Button>Hover me</Button>
    </Popover>
    <Popover content={content} title="Title" trigger="focus">
      <Button>Focus me</Button>
    </Popover>
    <Popover content={content} title="Title" trigger="click">
      <Button>Click me</Button>
    </Popover>
  </div>
);

export default App;

使用 visible 属性控制浮层显示。

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import React, { useState } from 'react';
import { Popover, Button } from 'antd';

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [visible, setVisible] = useState(false);

  const hide = () => {
    setVisible(false);
  };

  const handleVisibleChange = (newVisible: boolean) => {
    setVisible(newVisible);
  };

  return (
    <Popover
      content={<a onClick={hide}>Close</a>}
      title="Title"
      trigger="click"
      visible={visible}
      onVisibleChange={handleVisibleChange}
    >
      <Button type="primary">Click me</Button>
    </Popover>
  );
};

export default App;

以下示例显示如何创建可悬停和单击的弹出窗口。

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import React, { useState } from 'react';
import { Popover, Button } from 'antd';

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [clicked, setClicked] = useState(false);
  const [hovered, setHovered] = useState(false);

  const hide = () => {
    setClicked(false);
    setHovered(false);
  };

  const handleHoverChange = (visible: boolean) => {
    setHovered(visible);
    setClicked(false);
  };

  const handleClickChange = (visible: boolean) => {
    setHovered(false);
    setClicked(visible);
  };

  const hoverContent = <div>This is hover content.</div>;
  const clickContent = <div>This is click content.</div>;
  return (
    <Popover
      style={{ width: 500 }}
      content={hoverContent}
      title="Hover title"
      trigger="hover"
      visible={hovered}
      onVisibleChange={handleHoverChange}
    >
      <Popover
        content={
          <div>
            {clickContent}
            <a onClick={hide}>Close</a>
          </div>
        }
        title="Click title"
        trigger="click"
        visible={clicked}
        onVisibleChange={handleClickChange}
      >
        <Button>Hover and click / 悬停并单击</Button>
      </Popover>
    </Popover>
  );
};

export default App;

API#

参数说明类型默认值版本
content卡片内容ReactNode | () => ReactNode-
title卡片标题ReactNode | () => ReactNode-

更多属性请参考 Tooltip

注意#

请确保 Popover 的子元素能接受 onMouseEnteronMouseLeaveonFocusonClick 事件。